Posts for category: Cardiology
Could you have heart disease? Identifying your risk factors and making lifestyle changes when possible can help you lower your risk or manage the disease if you have it. Your Olney and Rockville, MD, cardiologist, Dr. Leith Abdulla of Leith Abdulla Cardiology, diagnoses and treats heart disease and helps you care for your heart health.
What are the symptoms of heart disease?
Symptoms of heart disease aren't always obvious and may include:
- Chest Pain: Chest pain can be a symptom of the disease even if it doesn't occur constantly or doesn't seem to be particularly strong. Go to the emergency room immediately if you experience severe pain, pressure or squeezing in your chest, vomiting, nausea, or pain that travels to your neck, jaw or shoulders.
- Shortness of Breath: Even minor exertion may leave you short of breath if you have heart disease.
- Palpitations: Palpitations aren't necessarily serious but can be an indication of heart disease. Your heart may skip a beat if you have a palpitation, or it may flutter, pound or race.
- Fatigue: Fatigue can occur if your heart must work harder than normal.
- Pain, Numbness or Weakness in Your Arms and Legs: These symptoms may occur if your blood vessels have narrowed due to heart disease.
- Dizziness, Lightheadedness or Fainting: Fainting or dizziness can happen for many reasons, including heart disease.
- Swollen Ankles, Feet or Legs: Blood may collect in your leg and causes fluid to accumulate if your heart doesn't function normally.
Who is most likely to develop heart disease?
You may be at increased risk of heart disease if you are a man or woman past menopause. Other risk factors include:
- High cholesterol or triglyceride levels
- Heavy alcohol use
- Lack of exercise
- Unhealthy diet
- A family history of heart disease
- High blood pressure
- Race or ethnic group (heart disease is more common in American Indians, African-Americans and Mexican Americans)
A visit to your Rockville or Olney, MD, cardiologist can you ensure that you receive appropriate treatment should you have heart disease or an underlying condition that may increase your risk.
Are you worried that you may have heart disease? Schedule an appointment with your Olney and Rockville, MD, cardiologist, Dr. Leith Abdulla of Leith Abdulla Cardiology, by calling (301) 774-5260 for the Rockville, MD, office or (301) 881-5858 for the Olney office.
Do you watch your cholesterol level? Is it too high? In both Rockville and Olney, your cardiologist, Dr. Leith Abdulla, monitors his patients' cholesterol levels for better heart health and avoidance of complications. Read on to learn more about this important measure of systemic wellness and how you can manage it!
What is cholesterol?
A substance that your body manufactures naturally, cholesterol helps you make hormones, such as estrogen, and also digest and use the fats you consume in your daily diet. At appropriate levels, as measured by a simple blood test, cholesterol helps your body run properly. At levels that are too high, however, cholesterol poses a risk of serious health problems.
Get tested for high cholesterol
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta states that 95 million American adults over the age of 20 have high levels of cholesterol. As such, it's recommended that adults be screened with a simple blood test from their primary care physician or a cardiologist such as Dr. Abdulla.
Why routine screening?
Unfortunately, high cholesterol levels in patients pose many health risks such as:
- Atheroschlerosis (hardening of the arteries)
- Blood clots
- Angina (chest pain due to narrowed coronary arteries)
- Aneurysm (a blood vessel at risk for rupture)
- Heart attack
- Cardiovascular disease
The chances for developing these conditions rise when high cholesterol levels combine with factors such as:
- Heredity (High cholesterol can run in families)
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Diet high in animal fats
- Alcohol abuse
- Tobacco usage (smoking)
- Gender (Men tend to have higher cholesterol levels)
What you can do with high cholesterol?
Your blood test measures HDL, or good cholesterol, LDL, or bad cholesterol, triglycerides, and total cholesterol. To improve your numbers, Dr. Abdulla may ask you to take cholesterol-lowering medications or statins. Additionally, his high cholesterol patients respond well to common-sense lifestyle changes. For you, these may include:
- A program of regular exercise (Simple walking is helpful)
- A low-fat diet with added fiber, fruits, and vegetables
- Maintenance of healthy weight, blood sugars, and blood pressure
- Lowering alcohol usage
- Smoking cessation
Don't struggle anymore
Let Dr. Leitha Abdulla and his team in Rockville and Olney, MD, help you with your cholesterol levels. Call either location for a consultation—for Rockville, phone (301) 881-5858, or for the Olney location, call (301) 774-5260.